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Gender Recognition Act FAQ

What is the California Gender Recognition Act?

The Gender Recognition Act (California Senate Bill 179) went into effect January 1st, 2019.  The text of the bill is available here: https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/billNavClient.xhtml?bill_id=201720180SB179  In brief, the bill streamlines the process for Californians to apply to change their gender markers, and creates a nonbinary gender category on California birth certificates, drivers’ licenses, identity cards, and gender-change court orders (the letter “x”). This enables many in our community, including transgender, intersex and nonbinary people, to have full recognition in the State of California. The law was authored by Sens. Toni Atkins (D-San Diego) and Scott Wiener (D-San Francisco) and sponsored by Equality California and the Transgender Law Center

FAQ’s & Answers Regarding the California Gender Recognition Act

What does this mean for UC San Diego?

The Gender Recognition Act has implications throughout the campus, and in particular in areas where we organize by gender in binary ways.   For example, many parts of employment processes, housing, sports facilities, payroll systems and recreational areas are designated by gender in a binary way (men and women).  Our campus will need to change in order to serve students, faculty, staff and patients who are transgender, intersex and nonbinary. 

I think my department, unit or division needs to make some changes to ensure we are in compliance with the Gender Recognition Act. What should I do?

First, assess places where your area uses gender in a binary way (i.e. male and female, or men and women).  Then, determine what steps might need to be implemented in order to ensure inclusion of nonbinary people, and an “x” category into these systems.  This might entail updating campus data systems, reformatting reports, including nonbinary people in surveys and assessments, and addressing physical spaces and facilities.  This may also require training for frontline staff to ensure appropriate implementation of inclusive policies and customer service practices.  Once you have made an initial assessment, reach out to the Steering Committee with your findings, and the Steering Committee will work with your area to support your necessary change efforts.

I heard there is a Steering Committee? Who is on it?

In the summer of 2018, a Chancellor's announcement indicated that Vice Chancellor Petitt asked Cindy Palmer,
Assistant Vice Chancellor for Academic Personnel; Nancy Resnick, the incoming Chief Human Resources Officer; and Shaun Travers, Campus Diversity Officer & Director of the Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender Resource Center, to co-lead a steering committee to advise senior leadership on measures to prepare for this change. The steering committee has a number of appointed members from throughout campus who are in key positions to assist the campus in making strategic, systemic changes to ensure inclusion of transgender, nonbinary and intersex people.  The members of the Steering Committee are fluid based on who need to access expertise to initiate change.  If you need more information, please contact one of the co-chairs.  Full implementation is necessary by January 1, 2019, but the Steering Committee will continue until all of the inclusion issues are addressed.

I do not understand the difference between transgender, nonbinary and intersex. What is the difference?

Transgender is an umbrella term used to describe people whose gender identity or gender expression do not match the gender they were assigned at birth.  For example, some people who were assigned to be male at birth are female (trans women).  Some people who were assigned to be female at birth are male (trans men).  Some transgender people have medically transitioned, undergoing gender affirming surgeries and hormonal treatments, while other transgender people do not choose any form of medical transition. There is no uniform set of procedures that are sought by transgender people that pursue medical transition. Transgender people may identify as female, male, or nonbinary, may or may not have been born with intersex traits, may or may not use gender-neutral pronouns, and may or may not use more specific terms to describe their genders, such as agender, genderqueer, gender fluid, Two Spirit, bigender, pangender, gender nonconforming, or gender variant.

About the term nonbinary: Gender identity and expression may be thought of in binary terms: Male and female, men and women, masculine and feminine. Many transgender people fall on this binary. Trans women are women, trans men are men. Some transgender people do not fall on this binary.  They identify as nonbinary, agender, gender fluid, gender non conforming, etc. Nonbinary people’s gender identity and expression may not conform to societal norms of masculinity or femininity. Nonbinary people may prefer the pronouns “they/them” in the singular, or their name. Some people use the term Gender Queer to describe this identity.  Queer is a term that is offensive to some when used as a derogatory term. Others have reclaimed and self-defined the word as a form of empowerment.

About the term intersex: Sex may be thought of in binary terms: Male and female, boys and girls. This is typically assigned at birth. Some people are born with chromosomes, gonads, sex hormones and/or genitalia which do not meet the medical standards of male or female. These infants are intersex. The best practice is no non-necessary medical interventions on infants, gender designation, age-appropriate education about an intersex child's body as they develop, and choice in adolescence. Intersex persons often may not know their gender identity until adolescence. For more information please see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intersex

Have any other states or area done this?

Yes.  Oregon created a nonbinary gender option in 2017 through an administrative action applying to drivers’ licenses and identification cards. Similarly, the DMV for Washington, D.C. began offering an “X” in addition to “M” and “F” in June of 2017.  Other countries like New Zealand have moved in a similar direction in 2016.

Does this mean we have to create new restrooms?

By UC policy, the conversion of all existing single-occupancy or single-stall restrooms in all UC-owned buildings from gender-specific to gender inclusive facilities has been complete.  For more information, see http://blink.ucsd.edu/facilities/services/general/personal/restrooms.html for more information.  However, access remains an issue, as some people must go from the top floor of a building, outside, across a street and into another building to access a single-occupancy or single-stall restroom.  Conversion of some multi-stall restrooms into multi-stall gender inclusive restrooms, or remodeling facilities to add additional single-occupancy or single-stall restrooms, addresses this issue.

What does nonbinary mean?

  • Gender identity and expression may be thought of in binary terms: Male and female, men and women, masculine and feminine.
  • Many transgender people fall on this binary. Trans women are women, trans men are men.
    • Some transgender people do not fall on this binary.  They identify as nonbinary, agender, gender fluid, gender queer, gender non conforming, etc.
  • Nonbinary people’s gender identity and expression may not conform to societal norms of masculinity or femininity
  • Nonbinary people may prefer the pronouns “they/them” in the singular, or their name

What does intersex mean?

  • Sex may be thought of in binary terms: Male and female, boys and girls. This is typically assigned at birth
  • Some people are born with chromosomes, gonads, sex hormones and/or genitalia which do not meet the medical standards of male or female. These infants are intersex
    • Best practice is no non-necessary medical intervention, gender designation, age-appropriate education about an intersex child's body as they develop, and choice in adolescence
  • Intersex persons often may not know their gender identity until adolescence
  • Hermaphrodite is an outdated and inappropriate term for the community

What is UC & UC San Diego Policy?

UC and UC San Diego can not discriminate based on
  • Gender
    • Includes nonbinary
  • Gender Identity & Expression
    • This includes pronouns and preferred names
    • Includes gender neutral pronouns

 

*These policies include but are not limited to Academic Personnel M015 – The University of California Policy on Faculty Conduct and the Administration of Discipline; The University of California Personnel Policies for Staff Members and UC San Diego Implementing Procedures, Appendix II – Personnel Policies for Senior Managers; the University of California, San Diego Student Conduct Code; UC San Diego House Officer Policy and Procedure Document; and applicable university collective bargaining agreements. 

What are the implications of the Gender Recognition Act?

With nonbinary people now legally recognized in California, and preferred names and pronouns understood to be a part of gender identity & expression, what are UC San Diego’s responsibilities to serve the community?

  • All systems which store and use gender should be updated to include a nonbinary option (registrar, housing, athletics, etc.)
  • All reports which indicate gender should include nonbinary people (enrollment, etc.)
  • Name fields should always default to preferred names unless there is a legal or regulatory requirement to use legal name
  • Pronouns a person uses should be respected so as to encourage a climate of fairness

Using Names

  • Preferred names, Lived names,
    Names in use
    • Names other than legal names which many people use for a variety of reasons
  • Why we use them
    • It is a shortened/alternate version of the legal name
      • Robert = Rob or Bob
      • Elizabeth = Liz
      • Francisco = Paco or Pancho
      • Jesús = Chuy
    • Cultural, religious, personal or familial preference/ practice
      • Eleanor Roosevelt (first name: Anna)
      • Mindy Kaling (first name: Vera)
      • Rihanna (first name: Robyn)
      • Reese Witherspoon (first names: Laura Jeanne).
    • It is anglicized because English speakers can’t pronounce the legal name
    • It is deeply gendered and does not reflect your gender identity

Sharing pronouns, titles, and salutations

Pronouns

  • Signature lines, business cards, name tags, introductions
    • A quick and easy way to communicate you have some level of knowledge around our trans, nonbinary, gender queer and gender non conforming community

Example:

Shaun Travers, Ed.D.
Campus Diversity Officer &
Director, LGBT Resource Center
A Unit of Equity, Diversity and Inclusion
858 822-3493, stravers@ucsd.edu
http://lgbt.ucsd.edu 
Pronouns: He/His/Him
(links to https://www.mypronouns.org)

  • Introductions
    • Hi, my name is Shaun and I use he, his and him pronouns
      • Avoid saying “masculine pronouns” or “feminine pronouns”
      • Avoid saying “I don’t care” unless it is well considered
      • Avoid saying “preferred” because they are not preferences
  • If you are unsure what pronouns to use
    • “What pronouns would I use to be respectful?”
    • “I use she, her and hers pronouns. Are you comfortable sharing your pronouns with me?”
  • If you make a mistake
    • Apologize, and do better next time
  • Group introductions
    • “Please share your name and we invite you to share your pronouns as well” and lead the way
  • Please see the following for more examples of how to use pronouns:

 

Titles and Salutations

  • Gendered
    • Mr.
    • Miss
    • Ms.
    • Mrs.
  • Inclusive
    • Mx.
      • Pronounced mix